Kadabu, a kind of rice dumplings , is a popular and ethnic food in South Malnad regions such as Sakaleshpura , Mudigere , Somwarapete , etc. Online Edition of The Deccan Herald, dated Gundappa was notable Kannada journalist, he was awarded third-highest civilian award Padmabhushan in
The Kannadiga culture protects and balances Kaadu forest and Naadu state as can be seen. Although seen scantly still the state enjoys the diversity owing to tribal sects of Soliga , Badaga, Jenu Kuruba , Hakki Pikki, Lambani , Siddis and other inhabitants of forests.
The Puranas describe the region as Kishkindha in the age of the Ramayana. There is also literary evidence that the region of Mysore was called "Mahisha Mandala" after the mythological demon Mahishasura. Parashurama and Hanumantha are some epic characters to be cited relating to this place. One of the most popular and acknowledged Jaanapada songs is "Dharani mandala madhyadolage" which narrates an incidence between mother cow and an aggressive tiger in a place called Karnataka.
Karnataka as now can be viewed as a multicultural state — almost all the religions that can be found in India can be found here and there has been lot emigration as well due to which multi-ethnic diaspora can be seen. As the kingdoms provided a safe centres for development of all cultures we can see a huge diversities from region to region. Even the language and dialects varies from place to place. One of the leading examples include a village near Shivamogga where people speak only Sanskrit till date.
Bengaluru has almost all language speakers of India. One of the most acknowledged concept is to be a Vishwa Maanava or universal being. It is we who make him Alpa Maanava or Little Human by putting various constrictions of borders rituals and castes. It hence becomes responsibility of our culture to again make him a Universal Being unbound and free. Karnataka has sheltered flood victims of northeastern India like Assam and provided them jobs.
One of the easily seen diversity is the surnames which vary from hugely like some may involve names involving a Hindu and Muslim name or having a Hindu Christian name more found in Mangalore or even a Muslim Christian name. Karnataka and parts of Maharashtra are the only states which have diversity of including Malenadu Nithyaharidwarna — evergreen ghats and Bayaluseeme which have different ways of living in the same state. It may come as a surprise that Karnataka is next only to Rajasthan in India when it comes to area under arid land but still Southern Karnataka is referred to as Gandhada Gudi — temple of sandalwood found in its protected forests.
After the Odeyar era who already had established democracy by naming elected representative called Saamantha in southern regions as early as the 19th century, the partition brought a centre into being under democracy and Karnataka accepted a bicameral legislature.
But this was a functionally a failure as there always has been a tug of war from centre and states to an extent that from the s to there have always been different political parties operating at centre and state.
North Karnataka had other problems of getting independence more from Nizams. So there were two spheres. Kerala being a neighbour where hugely successful communist ideology in bringing up literacy levels has a backing here and a few naxalite outfits function in Karnataka.
Functional failure of all pillars of democracy even being upper riparian state can be clearly seen in the Kaveri River Water Dispute issue. The failure extended to bureaucracy and Karnataka reached the position of being fourth most corrupt state of India  due to political and bureaucratic lobby. Because of this, Lokayukta see N. Venkatachala was formed but could not get the required powers to deal with the powerful.
In the field of press and journalism P. Gurumurthy  are some of the noted ones famous for their leftist affiliations. Horanadu Kannadigas or non-resident Kannadigas are Kannadigas who have migrated to another state or country, people of Kannada origin born outside Karnataka, or people of Kannada origin who reside permanently outside of Karnataka.
N R Narayana Murthy , speaking at the World Kannada Conference, opined that Kannadigas who move out of the state are respected everywhere. During the period of British rule , state of Karnataka as it stands today did not exist. Areas that today comprise Karnataka were under as many as 20 different administrative units with the princely state of Mysore , Nizam's Hyderabad , the Bombay Presidency , the Madras Presidency and the territory of Kodagu being the most important ones.
In effect, nearly two-thirds of what is now Karnataka fell outside the rule of the Wodeyar kings of Mysore. In addition the proposed state had six neighbours — Goa , Maharashtra , Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala — and all had Kannadigas along the borders overlapping these regions.
What this meant for the Kannadigas in these regions was that they were reduced to linguistic minorities wherever they were. Kannadigas in the Hubli-Karnataka region for example, came under the rule of the Bombay presidency where Marathi was the official language. Those in the Hyderabad-Karnataka region came under the Nizam's rule where Urdu ruled, while in Mysore Kingdom, Kannada was the official language. It was in this backdrop that the movement that first started as a protest against linguistic oppression, soon morphed into one that began demanding a separate state be created consolidating all Kannada speaking regions.
This was essentially a movement that was spearheaded by the poets, journalists and writers and was called the Ekikarana or 'Unification' movement. India gained independence in The joy of independence soon gave way to disappointment as the new government started dragging its feet on Karnataka Ekikarana movement.
Kannada speaking areas now got grouped under five administrative units of the Bombay and Madras provinces, Kodagu, and the princely states of Mysore and Hyderabad.
The Akhila Karnataka Ekikarana Parishat met in Kasargod and reiterated the demand for a separate state for Kannadigas.
The ratification in parliament of the recommendations of the Fazal Ali Committee brought joy to the Kannadiga population that now was merged under the state of Mysore. On 1 November , under Devaraj Urs as chief minister, Mysore state was renamed as Karnataka since it was felt that Karnataka was more 'inclusive' of all the other regions of Karnataka than the name Mysore.
The Kannada ethnic flag is a banner with two horizontal stripes, yellow on top and red on the bottom. The flag neither is official nor represents any legendary empire but has become accepted in recent times representing a symbol of culture and welfare. The flag was first conceived by Ma Ramamurthy, a Bangalore-based writer, journalist and social activist, often considered as a commander of Kannada movement in s.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Canadians. Jainism Buddhism Islam Christianity. Architecture Forts Economies Societies. Folk arts of Karnataka and Art and culture of Karnataka. Kannada literature , Karnataka literature , and Modern Kannada literature.
Unification of Karnataka and History of Karnataka. Census of India, Archived from the original on 25 August Retrieved 17 September English is our 2nd language". Retrieved 12 February There inscriptions are in Telugu and Kannada.
This shows that the native vernacular of the Goa Kadambas was Kannada. A Study in Civilizational Perspective , M. Gajrani, Hari Singh , p. Retrieved 26 January Seshan, University of Hyderabad. Archived from the original on 6 December Retrieved 12 November Narasimha Murthy in Kamath , p.
Varma in Kamath , p. Sinha in George E. Somers, Dynastic History Of Magadha, p. Retrieved 20 December The Times of India. Archived from the original on 1 February Retrieved 2 March Retrieved 5 May A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar.
Indian Branch, Oxford University Press. History of Dvaita school of Vedanta and its Literature. Archived from the original PDF on 17 June The Music of South Asia. Retrieved 21 February Ministry of Communications and Information Technology India. Retrieved 16 May History of Indian theatre, Volume 2. Online Edition of The Times of India, dated The Times Internet Ltd. Retrieved 12 August Online Edition of The Deccan Herald , dated The Printers Mysore Private Ltd.
Online Edition of The Deccan Herald, dated Retrieved 4 April Asia Times, 24 June Retrieved 23 August Prasad 19 September Online Edition of The Deccan Herald Retrieved 1 May Online Edition of The Telegraph dated Retrieved 8 June Online Edition of The Times of India dated Spreading Fragrance of Karnataka in Mauritius".
In the fifth chapter of Vaisheshika Sutra, Kanada mentions various empirical observations and natural phenomena such as the falling of objects to ground, rising of fire and heat upwards, the growth of grass upwards, the nature of rainfall and thunderstorms, the flow of liquids, the movement towards a magnet among many others, asks why these things happen, then attempts to integrate his observations with his theories on atoms, molecules and their interaction.
He classifies observed events into two: Dharma is that through which there is the accomplishment of rising to the unsurpassed good. Because it is an exposition of that, it has the authority of Veda. That there is only one individual soul is known from the absence of particularity when it comes to the emergence of understanding of happiness and suffering, whereas a multiplicity of individuals is inferred from their perseverance in dharma, and from the strength of their teaching.
Kanada came up with the idea that paramanu atom was an indestructible particle of matter. The atom is indivisible because it is a state at which no measurement can be attributed. He used invariance arguments to determine properties of the atoms. He also stated that anu can have two states — absolute rest and a state of motion. Adherents of the school of philosophy founded by Kanada considered the atom to be indestructible, and hence eternal.
They believed atoms to be minute objects invisible to the naked eye which come into being and vanish in an instant.
Vaiseshikas further held that atoms of same substance combined with each other to produce dvyanuka diatomic molecules and tryanuka triatomic molecules. Kanada also put forward the idea that atoms could be combined in various ways to produce chemical changes in presence of other factors such as heat. He gave blackening of earthen pot and ripening of fruit as examples of this phenomenon.
Kanada postulated four different kinds of atoms: Kanada's conception of the atom was likely independent from the similar concept among the ancient Greeks, because of the differences between the theories.
Edit Read in another language Kanada philosopher. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. Kanada makes empirical observations such as the rising upwards of fire, magnetic movement, rain and thunder, the growth of grass, and attempts to offer naturalistic explanations to them in his text Vaisheshika Sutra.
Vaisheshika Darshana Dharma is that through which there is the accomplishment of rising to the unsurpassed good. Its indicator is its effect. The presence of the effect arises from the presence of its cause.
Timeline of atomic and subatomic physics List of Indian inventions and discoveries Aryabhata. Fowler , pp. Fowler , p. Translated by Nandalal Sinha" Full Text at archive.