This color scheme disguises halibut from above blending with the ocean floor and from below blending into the light from the sky and is known as countershading. All my friends and life associates have been shot.
Army anti-aircraft unit as a year-old private soldier. In , he obtained his U. Office of Strategic Services , the wartime agency responsible for external intelligence and sabotage against Axis countries. After a period of writing articles for various journals as well as his second book in , Barmine joined the Voice of America in , serving for sixteen years as chief of its Russian branch.
In his memoirs, Barmine related how he and fellow members of the Soviet GRU were surprised to learn of the burgeoning support for Soviet communism among intellectuals in the Western democracies after release of Soviet propaganda on the Five Year Plan , just when he and other commanders had begun to lose hope in the Bolshevik revolution.
This revelation soon inspired a massive espionage and propaganda effort worldwide, with particular emphasis on nations with democratic governments. From to Barmine served as senior adviser on Soviet affairs at the U. After attending the Red Army's general staff school, he was eventually assigned to the Soviet Foreign Office and Commissariat of Trade.
He married a widow with prominent connections in the Communist Party, Olga Federovna , and the two traveled to Soviet Turkestan to work in the party apparatus. There they both became ill with severe cases of malaria. Returning to Moscow, the couple had two twin boys, but his wife died in childbirth. They had one daughter, Margot Roosevelt.
In , they divorced. Barmine then married Halyna Barmine. Alexander Barmine died at age of 88 on December 25, , in Rockville, Maryland. Barmine began publishing anti-Stalinist, anti-Communist writings within less than a month of his defection.
After the assassinations and questionable accidental deaths of several exiled Soviet citizens in Western Europe, including Trotsky's own son, Lev Sedov , he and an unidentified person left Europe for the United States in Barmine's aging mother and his two sons remained behind in the Soviet Union; unable to get them out of the country, he never saw them again. When I work on my book, I feel as though I were walking in a graveyard.
All my friends and life associates have been shot. It seems to be some kind of a mistake that I am alive. By making his revelations public, Barmine felt the book might help frustrate Stalin's immediate desire to silence him.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mogilev , Russian Empire now Mahilyow, Belarus. The Other Side of Russia. Early High-Level Soviet Defector". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 October Owen Lattimore, Part 1A , p. Retrieved 28 October Government Printing Office, , Part 1, pp. In Los Angeles, Mrs. Barmine, ex-Soviet general and diplomat, who turned anti-Communist during the purge. Retrieved June 26, Alexander Gregory Barmine, 53, onetime Soviet army brigadier general, now chief of the State Department's Voice of America Russian section; after four years of marriage, one daughter; in Los Angeles.
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved 1 September Memoirs of a Soviet Diplomat. In Canadian and US waters, long-line fishing predominates, using chunks of octopus "devilfish" or other bait on circle hooks attached at regular intervals to a weighted line that can extend for several miles across the bottom.
The fishing vessel retrieves the line after several hours to a day. The effects of long-line gear on habitats are poorly understood, but could include disturbance of sediments, benthic structures, and other structures. International management is thought to be necessary, because the species occupies waters of the United States , Canada , Russia , and possibly Japan where the species is known to the Japanese as ohyo , and matures slowly. Pacific halibut fishing is managed by the International Pacific Halibut Commission.
For most of the modern era, halibut fishery operated as a derby. Regulators declared time slots when fishing was open typically 24—48 hours at a time and fisherman raced to catch as many pounds as they could within that interval. This approach accommodated unlimited participation in the fishery while allowing regulators to control the quantity of fish caught annually by controlling the number and timing of openings. The approach led to unsafe fishing, as openings were necessarily set before the weather was known, forcing fisherman to leave port regardless of the weather.
The approach limited fresh halibut to the markets to several weeks per year, when the gluts would push down the price received by fishermen. In , US regulators allocated individual fishing quotas IFQs to existing fishery participants based on each vessel's documented historical catch. The fishing season is nine months. The IFQ system improved both safety and product quality by providing a stable flow of fresh halibut to the marketplace. Critics of the program suggest, since holders can sell their quota and the fish are a public resource, the IFQ system gave a public resource to the private sector.
The fisheries were managed through a treaty between the United States and Canada per recommendations of the International Pacific Halibut Commission, formed in A significant sport fishery in Alaska and British Columbia has emerged, where halibut are prized game and food fish.
Halibut are strong and fight strenuously when exposed to air. Smaller fish will usually be pulled on board with a gaff and may be clubbed or even punched in the head to prevent them from thrashing around on the deck.
Alaska's sport fishery is an element of the state's tourism economy. Halibut are often boiled, deep-fried or grilled while fresh. Smoking is more difficult with halibut meat than it is with salmon, due to its ultra-low fat content.
Eaten fresh, the meat has a clean taste and requires little seasoning. Halibut is noted for its dense and firm texture. Halibut have historically been an important food source to Alaska Natives and Canadian First Nations , and continue to be a key element to many coastal subsistence economies.
Accommodating the competing interests of commercial, sport, and subsistence users is a challenge. As of the Atlantic population was so depleted through overfishing that it might be declared an endangered species. According to Seafood Watch , consumers should avoid Atlantic halibut. In sportfishermen in Cook Inlet reported increased instances of a condition known as "mushy halibut syndrome". The meat of affected fish has a "jelly-like" consistency.
When cooked it does not flake in the normal manner of halibut but rather falls apart. The meat is still perfectly safe to eat but the appearance and consistency are considered unappetizing. The exact cause of the condition is unknown but may be related to a change in diet. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Alaskan halibut. This article is about the fish. The name "halibut" means "holy flatfish". It came from halibut being a popular food fish on holy days in England during early times.
In England, halibut has always been popular Fish can provide an economical main dish. Have boiled, baked or fried fish, or like most folks, choose cod, halibut, or ocean perch.