Log in Join Recently viewed Bookings Inbox. This experience, referred to as the "Moravian Pentecost," marked the beginning of a new era of spiritual growth in Herrnhut. Is there a recommended dress code for this place or activity? His mother married again when he was four years old, and he was educated under the charge of his pietistic Lutheran grandmother, Henriette Catharina von Gersdorff , who did much to shape his character.
Continued study and prayer in small groups known as banden resulted in a sense of reconciliation in the community, leading to a powerful spiritual renewal on 13 August during a special communion service at the Berthelsdorf Church. This experience, referred to as the "Moravian Pentecost," marked the beginning of a new era of spiritual growth in Herrnhut.
It also began a period of radical experimentation with communal Christian living as expressed in Zinzendorf's theology. As the renewed community of Herrnhut grew, Zinzendorf obtained a copy of Ratio Disciplinae , the church order of the early Bohemian Unity. As he began to study the history of the Bohemians, he was astonished to find powerful similarities between the theology and practice of the early Unitas Fratrum and the newly established order of Herrnhut.
Zinzendorf and the Herrnhuters felt a strong identification with the writings of Moravian Bishop John Amos Comenius and incorporated many of the ideas of the early Unity. However, Zinzendorf saw the new group as a spark for renewal of all denominations, not a new and separate denomination. This theological bent was reinforced by the legal structure of the Lutheran State church.
In this renewed community, Zinzendorf was able to organize the people into something like a militia Christi , based not on monastic but on family life. However his ideas of family were centered not on a traditional nuclear family of parents and children.
Indeed, he wanted to break traditional family bonds by organizing communal families based on age, marital status and gender.
The banden , or small groups, continued but were organized into "choirs" based on age, marital status, and gender. Zinzendorf's theology recognized that at each stage of life, we had different spiritual needs and a different relationship with the Savior. Moravian communities based on this model, such as Bethlehem, Pennsylvania and Salem, North Carolina , were designed for the sole purpose of serving Christ, who also was considered to be the community leader.
In these communities, a radical equality of spiritual life was practiced. In Bethlehem, nobility and converted Native Americans shared common quarters; in Salem, slaves were full members of the Church and could be elected to offices of leadership. Zinzendorf's interest in missionary work was sparked by meeting two Inuit children converted by Hans Egede 's mission in Greenland and a freed slave, Anthony Ulrich, who told of terrible oppression among the slaves in the West Indies.
In , the community began sending out missionaries among slaves in the Danish -governed West Indies and the Inuit of Greenland. Zinzendorf's personal and familial relation to the court of Denmark and to King Christian VI facilitated such endeavors.
He saw with delight the spread of this Protestant family order in Germany, Denmark , Russia and England. In , accusations from neighboring nobles and questions of theological inorthodoxy caused Zinzendorf to be exiled from his home in Saxony. He and a number of his followers moved to Marienborn near Büdingen and began a period of exile and travel, during which he became known as the "Pilgrim Count.
The missionary work in the West Indies had been hugely controversial in Europe, with many accusing Zinzendorf of simply sending young missionaries off to die. He decided to place himself on the line, and in left Europe to visit the mission work on St. Convinced that he himself might not come back, he preached his "last sermon" and left his will with his wife. In , Zinzendorf visited Pennsylvania, thus becoming one of the few 18th century European nobles to have actually set foot in the Americas.
In addition to visiting leaders in Philadelphia such as Benjamin Franklin , he met with the leaders of the Iroquois and, with the assistance of Conrad Weiser reached agreements for the free movement of Moravian missionaries in the area. He lived there until Missionary colonies had by this time been settled in the West Indies , in Greenland , among the North American Indians ; and before Zinzendorf's death the Brethren had sent from Herrnhut missionary colonies to Livonia and the northern shores of the Baltic Sea , to the slaves of South Carolina , to Suriname , to the Negro slaves in several parts of South America , to Tranquebar and the Nicobar Islands in the East Indies , to the Copts in Egypt , to the Inuit of Labrador , and to the west coast of South Africa.
Zinzendorf was an eclectic theologian. Rather than focusing on doctrine or belief, Zinzendorf's theology emphasizes the growth of the spiritual relationship between the believer and the Savior.
As reflected in the communities he established, he believed in Christians living lives of love and harmony, and believed that every Christian needed to live in a faith community, or Gemeinde congregation.
He taught that the Savior had a relationship with each believer, but a different level of relationship with the Gemeinde. Decisions on interpretation of Scripture were to be made communally, not individually.
He believed it was the Gemeinde , not the ecclesiastical and political institution, that was truly the Church of Jesus Christ. Zinzendorf's theology strongly included the emotional life of the believer as well as the intellectual.
His thought and practice was radically ecumenical in a world of rigidly defined religious and political boundaries. He believed each denomination had a unique perception of Christ, and a unique gift to offer the world. He met and had profound personal relationships with religious leaders ranging from Cardinal Louis Antoine de Noailles , the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Paris to John Potter , the Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury, both of whom became members of Zinzendorf's Order of the Grain of Mustard Seed, pledging to use their positions of power to serve Christ.
Zinzendorf often worked to have denominations work together and respect one another. In , he advocated respect for the Saturday Sabbath keeping among the German speaking Christians in Philadelphia citing the use of that day by the Ephrata Cloister, thus promoting the first practice of the two-day weekend in America. He also used Sunday for preaching the Gospel.
The community in Herrnhut, from which almost all these colonies had been sent out, had no money of its own, and Zinzendorf had almost exclusively furnished its expenses. His frequent journeys from home made it almost impossible for him to look after his private affairs; he was compelled from time to time to raise money by loans , and about was almost reduced to bankruptcy.
This led to the establishment of a financial board among the Brethren, on a plan furnished by a lawyer, John Frederick Köber, which worked well. Christian Renatus, whom Zinzendorf had hoped to make his successor, died in and the loss devastated him. Four years later, on 17 June , his wife, Erdmuthe Dorothea, who had been his counselor and confidante in all his work, died. On 27 June Zinzendorf married Anna Caritas Nitschmann 24 November — 21 May , with whom he had been very close for many years.
Anna had for years been spiritual leader of the women of the movement. The marriage was not publicized broadly since Anna was a commoner, and would have been extremely controversial. Three years later, overcome with his labours, he fell ill and died on 9 May , leaving Bishop Johannes von Watteville, who had married his eldest daughter Benigna, to take his place at the head of the community. Anna Zinzendorf died 12 days after her husband. He wrote a large number of hymns, of which the best-known are "Jesus, Thy blood and righteousness" and "Jesus, still lead on".
A selection of his Sermons was published by Gottfried Clemens in 10 vols. A four-part documentary series, Count Zinzendorf was produced in by Comenius Foundation with the assistance of the Christian History Institute. Zinzendorf and the Moravians follows the story of the first Moravian missionaries. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Nikolaus Ludwig. For other uses, see Zinzendorf disambiguation.
It has been suggested that Anna Nitschmann be merged into this article. Discuss Proposed since February This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Ancestors of Nicolaus Zinzendorf Johann Joachim von Zinzendorf-Pottendorf 8. Otto Henry Count von Zinzendorf-Pottendorf Maria Judith von Liechtenstein-Feldsberg 4. Maximilian Erasmus Count vonZinzendorf-Pottendorf Christoph William von Zelking 9. Anna Apollonia von Zelking George Ludwig Count von Zinzendorf-Pottendorf Bartholomaus von Dietrichstein-Hollenburg Christian von Dietrichstein-Hollenburg Elisabeth Joel von Franking, Heiress of Riedau?
Anna Amalia von Dietrichstein Built in high Baroque style, it is truly magnificent. A beautiful monastery with a very nice accompanying buildings. A insider tip visit the internal monastery cafe.. This large complex offers lots to see and explore. Originally a Benedictine monastery, it has undergone many changes over the years, and now functions as a a monastery of the Salesians of Don Bosco. Beyond the beautiful basilica and cloisters, there is also a vegetable This monastery id seeped in history.
A magnificent Basilica brimming with beautiful religious art, Such a grand construction of all aspects of the Basilica and the adjoining buildings, cemetery and gardens are an experience hard to forget.
Wonderful church and other buildings, there is a gift shop, restaurant and toilets. We had a bonus in that there was a craft market in progress the Sunday of our visit. Very nice and history rich monastery in the middle of fields and lakes in the upper Bavaria, only 1 hour drive from Munich. There is nice area of swamps made for visiting even with small children, lot of information spots, some interesting learning installations, several tours well marked.. This is such a beautiful place, not just the church itself, but also the grounds.
We also love the restaurant and Biergarten with the playground. If you are in the Lovely art, beautiful hand carved confessionals, antique pipe organ, and a wonderful ceiling. You won't be disappointed. A very beautiful place. Even it was rainy , you can enjoy the big garden around. The church is outstanding. Flights Vacation Rentals Restaurants Things to do. All of your saved places can be found here in My Trips. Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers.
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