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Daher sollten in dieser Verordnung die Bedingungen für die Ausstellung von Ausweisen sowie die Vorschriften für deren Inhalt, Gültigkeit, Sicherheitsmerkmale, Format und Gestaltung festgelegt werden. Diese Verordnung sollte es den Mitgliedstaaten erlauben, die Verbringung von Heimtieren der in Anhang I Teil A genannten Arten zu anderen als Handelszwecken in ihr Hoheitsgebiet zu genehmigen, für die ein Ausweis mitgeführt wird, der in einem Gebiet oder in einem Drittland ausgestellt wurde, das Vorschriften anwendet, deren Inhalt und Wirkung gleichwertig mit den Vorschriften sind, die von den Mitgliedstaaten angewandt werden.

Diese Verordnung sollte Mitgliedstaaten auch die Möglichkeit einräumen, für den Fall, dass die dringende Abreise des Halters — beispielsweise im Falle einer plötzlichen Naturkatastrophe, politischer Unruhen oder in anderen Fällen höherer Gewalt, die den Halter betreffen — notwendig ist, die direkte Einreise von Heimtieren der in Anhang I genannten Arten, die nicht dieser Verordnung entsprechen, zu genehmigen, sofern im Voraus eine Genehmigung beantragt und vom Bestimmungsmitgliedstaat erteilt wird und eine Absonderung für einen befristeten Zeitraum unter amtlicher Überwachung erfolgt, um die Bedingungen dieser Verordnung zu erfüllen.

Wegen der Tiergesundheitsrisiken, die mit der Einfuhr von Heimtieren verbunden sind, welche nicht dieser Verordnung entsprechen, ist diese Genehmigung trotz der Notwendigkeit einer dringenden Abreise unbedingt erforderlich.

Sie sollte die Mitgliedstaaten zudem verpflichten, an bestimmten Grenzübergangsstellen systematische Dokumenten- und Nämlichkeitskontrollen bei Heimtieren vorzunehmen, die von ihren Haltern zu anderen als Handelszwecken aus bestimmten Gebieten oder Drittländern in einen Mitgliedstaat mitgeführt werden.

Erforderlichenfalls sollten die Mitgliedstaaten verpflichtet werden, einen Nachweis über die Kontrollen im Ausweis einzutragen, um das Datum dieser Kontrollen zur Bestimmung der Gültigkeitsdauer des Ausweises für weitere Verbringungen in andere Mitgliedstaaten nutzen zu können. Damit die Bürgerinnen und Bürger über klare und allgemeinverständliche Informationen über die Vorschriften für die Verbringung von Heimtieren der in Anhang I genannten Arten zu anderen als Handelszwecken verfügen, sollten die Mitgliedstaaten verpflichtet werden, diese Informationen, insbesondere die einschlägigen Bestimmungen einzelstaatlicher Gesetze, zu veröffentlichen.

Es ist von besonderer Bedeutung, dass die Kommission im Zuge ihrer Vorbereitungsarbeiten angemessene Konsultationen, auch auf der Ebene von Sachverständigen, durchführt. Bei der Vorbereitung und Ausarbeitung delegierter Rechtsakte sollte die Kommission gewährleisten, dass die einschlägigen Dokumente dem Europäischen Parlament und dem Rat gleichzeitig, rechtzeitig und auf angemessene Weise übermittelt werden.

Der Kommission sollten Durchführungsbefugnisse übertragen werden, um einheitliche Bedingungen für die Durchführung dieser Verordnung in Bezug auf folgende Punkte sicherzustellen: Ausweise, die nach diesem Muster erstellt werden, sollten unter bestimmten Bedingungen für die Lebensdauer des Heimtieres gültig bleiben, um die administrative und finanzielle Belastung der Tierhalter zu begrenzen.

Um einen reibungslosen Übergang zu den neuen Vorschriften dieser Verordnung zu gewährleisten, sollte diese Musterbescheinigung unter bestimmten Bedingungen gültig bleiben. Da die Ziele dieser Verordnung, nämlich die Festlegung tierseuchenrechtlicher Anforderungen für die Verbringung von Heimtieren der in Anhang I genannten Arten zu anderen als Handelszwecken, um die mit einer derartigen Verbringung einhergehenden Risiken für die Gesundheit von Mensch und Tier zu vermeiden oder zu minimieren, auf Ebene der Mitgliedstaaten nicht ausreichend verwirklicht werden können und daher besser auf Unionsebene zu verwirklichen sind, kann die Union im Einklang mit dem in Artikel 5 des Vertrags über die Europäische Union niedergelegten Subsidiaritätsprinzip tätig werden.

Um die gleichzeitige Veröffentlichung dieser Verordnung und der Durchführungsrechtsakte in Bezug auf die Listen der Gebiete und Drittländer, die zum Zwecke der Abweichung von bestimmten Bedingungen für die Verbringung zu anderen als Handelszwecken erstellt wurden, in Bezug auf das Muster für die Ausweise, die für die Heimtiere der in Anhang I genannten Arten bei Verbringungen zu anderen als Handelszwecken aus einem Mitgliedstaat oder einem Gebiet oder Drittland in einen anderen Mitgliedstaat mitzuführen sind, und in Bezug auf die Regelungen über das Format, die Gestaltung und die Sprachen der zu unterzeichnenden Erklärungen sicherzustellen, sollte diese Verordnung am Tag ihrer Veröffentlichung im Amtsblatt der Europäischen Union in Kraft treten —.

In dieser Verordnung werden die tierseuchenrechtlichen Vorschriften für die Verbringung von Heimtieren zu anderen als Handelszwecken und die Vorschriften für die Kontrolle der Erfüllung der Anforderungen bei einer solchen Verbringung festgelegt. Die Verbringung von Heimtieren, welche die tierseuchenrechtlichen Bedingungen dieser Verordnung erfüllen, zu anderen als Handelszwecken darf nicht aus anderen als den aus der Anwendung dieser Verordnung resultierenden tierseuchenrechtlichen Gründen verboten, beschränkt oder behindert werden.

Die Verbringung von Heimtieren zu anderen als Handelszwecken erfolgt zum Zweck der Teilnahme an Wettbewerben, Ausstellungen oder Sportveranstaltungen bzw. Juni über die Anwendung dieses Artikels. Auf der Grundlage ihres Berichts schlägt die Kommission gegebenenfalls Änderungen dieser Verordnung vor.

Heimtiere der in Anhang I Teil A genannten Arten dürfen nur aus einem Mitgliedstaat in einen anderen verbracht werden, sofern sie die folgenden Bedingungen erfüllen:. Dieser Durchführungsrechtsakt wird nach dem in Artikel 41 Absatz 2 genannten Prüfverfahren erlassen. In dieser Liste werden die Teile der Mitgliedstaaten festgelegt, für die die Abweichung gelten kann. Die antragstellenden Mitgliedstaaten verfügen über funktionierende Tollwutüberwachungs- und -meldesysteme;.

Der gemeinsame Antrag enthält angemessene, zuverlässige und wissenschaftlich validierte Informationen. Sie sind entsprechend den nach Artikel 17 Absatz 2 erlassenen Anforderungen gekennzeichnet oder beschrieben;.

Diese Durchführungsrechtsakte werden nach dem in Artikel 41 Absatz 2 genannten Prüfverfahren erlassen. Die Meldung von Tollwutfällen bei den zuständigen Behörden ist zwingend vorgeschrieben;. Vorhandensein eines wirksamen Überwachungssystems für Tollwut, das als Mindestanforderung ein laufendes Früherkennungsprogramm zur Entdeckung und Meldung tollwutverdächtiger Tiere umfasst, seit mindestens zwei Jahren vor Antragstellung;.

Die Heimtiere sind entsprechend den nach Artikel 17 Absatz 2 erlassenen Anforderungen gekennzeichnet oder beschrieben;. Ausnahme von den Bedingungen für die Verbringung von Heimtieren zu anderen als Handelszwecken. Ausnahme von den Bedingungen für die Verbringung von Heimtieren zu anderen als Handelszwecken zwischen bestimmten Ländern und Gebieten.

Abweichend von den Artikeln 10 und 14 darf die Verbringung von Heimtieren zu anderen als Handelszwecken zwischen den folgenden Ländern und Gebieten zu den in den einzelstaatlichen Vorschriften festgelegten Bedingungen fortgesetzt werden:. Juli vorgenommen wurde. Für die Implantierung von Transpondern bei Heimtieren erforderliche Qualifikationen.

Beabsichtigt ein Mitgliedstaat, die Implantierung von Transpondern von einer anderen Person als einem Tierarzt durchführen zu lassen, so legt er Vorschriften für die Mindestqualifikationen fest, über die diese Personen verfügen müssen.

Vorschriften für die Einstufung der Mitgliedstaaten oder ihrer Teile nach ihrem Tiergesundheitsstatus und ihren Überwachungs- und Meldesystemen für bestimmte andere Krankheiten oder Infektionen als Tollwut;. Ort des Transponders oder der Tätowierung und entweder Zeitpunkt der Anbringung oder Zeitpunkt des Ablesens des Transponders oder der Tätowierung sowie alphanumerischer Code, den der Transponder oder die Tätowierung anzeigt;.

Name, Kontaktinformationen und Unterschrift des ermächtigten Tierarztes, der den Ausweis ausstellt oder ausfüllt;. Ungeachtet des Unterabsatzes 1 können die Eingabefelder mit den in Artikel 21 Absatz 1 Buchstabe h genannten Angaben von einem anderen als einem ermächtigten Tierarzt ausgefüllt werden, sofern dies durch den nach Artikel 19 Absatz 1 erlassenen delegierten Rechtsakt zugelassen ist. Name, Kontaktinformationen und Unterschrift des amtlichen oder ermächtigten Tierarztes, der den Ausweis ausstellt;.

Name und Unterschrift des Vertreters der zuständigen Behörde, die den Sichtvermerk anbringt;. Name, Unterschrift und Kontaktinformationen des Vertreters der zuständigen Behörde, die die Kontrollen nach Artikel 34 durchgeführt hat, und Zeitpunkt dieser Kontrollen;.

Abweichend von Artikel 25 Absatz 1 genehmigen die Mitgliedstaaten die Verbringung von Heimtieren der in Anhang I Teil A genannten Arten zu anderen als Handelszwecken in ihr Gebiet, wenn für sie der nach Artikel 22 ausgestellte Ausweis mitgeführt wird, wenn. Ausnahme für die Verbringung von Heimtieren zu anderen als Handelszwecken in die Mitgliedstaaten. Allgemeine Bedingungen für die Einhaltung der Vorschriften. Vorgeschriebene Dokumenten- und Nämlichkeitskontrollen hinsichtlich der Verbringung von Heimtieren zu anderen als Handelszwecken aus einem Mitgliedstaat in einen anderen oder aus einem nach Artikel 13 Absatz 1 und Artikel 15 aufgelisteten Gebiet oder Drittland in die Mitgliedstaaten.

Vorgeschriebene Dokumenten- und Nämlichkeitskontrollen hinsichtlich der Verbringung von Heimtieren zu anderen als Handelszwecken aus anderen als den nach Artikel 13 Absatz 1 oder Artikel 15 aufgelisteten Gebieten oder Drittländern. Verfahren bei einer Nichteinhaltung der Vorschriften, die während der nach den Artikeln 33 und 34 durchgeführten Kontrollen erkannt wurde. Monks Mound , the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico.

The finely crafted ornaments and tools recovered by archaeologists at Cahokia include elaborate ceramics, finely sculptured stonework, carefully embossed and engraved copper and mica sheets, and one funeral blanket for an important chief fashioned from 20, shell beads.

These artifacts indicate that Cahokia was truly an urban center, with clustered housing, markets, and specialists in toolmaking, hide dressing, potting, jewelry making, shell engraving, weaving and salt making. Many indigenous tribes engaged in constant warfare. According to Suzanne Austin Alchon, "At one site in the central Illinois River valley, one third of all adults died as a result of violent injuries.

The small French settlements continued, although many French migrated west to Ste. Louis, Missouri , to evade British rule. A few British soldiers were posted in Illinois, but few British or American settlers moved there, as the Crown made it part of the territory reserved for Indians west of the Appalachians, and then part of the British Province of Quebec.

In a compromise, Virginia ceded the area to the new United States in and it became part of the Northwest Territory , to be administered by the federal government and later organized as states. The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, , with its capital at Kaskaskia , an early French settlement.

During the discussions leading up to Illinois's admission to the Union , the proposed northern boundary of the state was moved twice. Such a boundary would have left Illinois with no shoreline on Lake Michigan at all. However, the Illinois delegate, Nathaniel Pope , wanted more, and lobbied to have the boundary moved further north.

More importantly, it added nearly 50 miles of Lake Michigan shoreline and the Chicago River. Pope and others envisioned a canal that would connect the Chicago and Illinois rivers and thus connect the Great Lakes to the Mississippi.

In , Illinois became the 21st U. The capital remained at Kaskaskia, headquartered in a small building rented by the state. In , Vandalia became the capital, and over the next 18 years, three separate buildings were built to serve successively as the capitol building. In , the state legislators representing Sangamon County , under the leadership of state representative Abraham Lincoln, succeeded in having the capital moved to Springfield , [30] where a fifth capitol building was constructed.

A sixth capitol building was erected in , which continues to serve as the Illinois capitol today. Though it was ostensibly a " free state ", there was slavery in Illinois. The ethnic French had owned black slaves since the s, and American settlers had already brought slaves into the area from Kentucky. Slavery was nominally banned by the Northwest Ordinance, but that was not enforced for those already holding slaves. When Illinois became a sovereign state in , the Ordinance no longer applied, and about slaves were held in the state.

As the southern part of the state, later known as "Egypt" or "Little Egypt", [31] [32] was largely settled by migrants from the South, the section was hostile to free blacks. Settlers were allowed to bring slaves with them for labor, but, in , state residents voted against making slavery legal. Still, most residents opposed allowing free blacks as permanent residents. Some settlers brought in slaves seasonally or as house servants. In , John A. Logan helped pass a law to prohibit all African Americans, including freedmen , from settling in the state.

The winter of — is called the "Winter of the Deep Snow"; a sudden, deep snowfall blanketed the state, making travel impossible for the rest of the winter, and many travelers perished.

Several severe winters followed, including the "Winter of the Sudden Freeze". On December 20, , a fast-moving cold front passed through, freezing puddles in minutes and killing many travelers who could not reach shelter. The adverse weather resulted in crop failures in the northern part of the state.

The southern part of the state shipped food north, and this may have contributed to its name: It represents the end of Indian resistance to white settlement in the Chicago region. The survivors were forced back to Iowa. By , the Latter Day Saints had founded a utopian city called Nauvoo. Located in Hancock County along the Mississippi River, Nauvoo flourished, and soon rivaled Chicago for the position of the state's largest city. Following a succession crisis Latter Day Saints , Brigham Young led most Latter Day Saints out of Illinois in a mass exodus to present-day Utah ; after close to six years of rapid development, Nauvoo rapidly declined afterward.

After it was established in , Chicago gained prominence as a Great Lakes port, and then as an Illinois and Michigan Canal port after , and as a rail hub soon afterward. By , Chicago was Illinois's largest city. In , after lobbying by Dorothea L. Dix , Illinois became one of the first states to establish a system of state-supported treatment of mental illness and disabilities, replacing local almshouses. Dix came into this effort after having met J.

King, a Jacksonville, Illinois businessman, who invited her to Illinois, where he had been working to build an asylum for the insane.

With the lobbying expertise of Dix, plans for the Jacksonville State Hospital now known as the Jacksonville Developmental Center were signed into law on March 1, Beginning with President Abraham Lincoln 's first call for troops and continuing throughout the war, Illinois mustered infantry regiments, which were numbered from the 7th to the th regiments.

Seventeen cavalry regiments were also gathered, as well as two light artillery regiments. During the Civil War, and more so afterwards, Chicago's population skyrocketed, which increased its prominence.

The Pullman Strike and Haymarket Riot , in particular, greatly influenced the development of the American labor movement. Many people from other parts of the country were attracted to the state by employment caused by the then-expanding industrial base. By the end of the century, the population had reached Illinois had a prominent role in the emergence of the nuclear age.

In , as part of the Manhattan Project , the University of Chicago conducted the first sustained nuclear chain reaction.

In , Argonne National Laboratory , near Chicago , activated the first experimental nuclear power generating system in the United States. By , the first privately financed nuclear plant in the United States, Dresden 1 , was dedicated near Morris. In , Fermilab , a national nuclear research facility near Batavia , opened a particle accelerator , which was the world's largest for over 40 years.

With eleven plants currently operating, Illinois leads all states in the amount of electricity generated from nuclear power. In , Illinois became the first state in the nation to adopt the recommendation of the American Law Institute and pass a comprehensive criminal code revision that repealed the law against sodomy. The code also abrogated common law crimes and established an age of consent of The first Farm Aid concert was held in Champaign to benefit American farmers, in The worst upper Mississippi River flood of the century, the Great Flood of , inundated many towns and thousands of acres of farmland.

Illinois is located in the Midwest Region of the United States and is one of the eight states and Canadian province in the bi-national Great Lakes region of North America. This marks the beginning of Illinois's southern border with Kentucky , which runs along the northern shoreline of the Ohio River.

The northeastern border of Illinois lies in Lake Michigan , within which Illinois shares a water boundary with the state of Michigan , as well as Wisconsin and Indiana. Though Illinois lies entirely in the Interior Plains , it does have some minor variation in its elevation. In extreme northwestern Illinois, the Driftless Area , a region of unglaciated and therefore higher and more rugged topography, occupies a small part of the state.

Other highlands include the Shawnee Hills in the south, and there is varying topography along its rivers; the Illinois River bisects the state northeast to southwest. Illinois has three major geographical divisions. Northern Illinois is dominated by Chicago metropolitan area , or Chicagoland, which is the city of Chicago and its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. As defined by the federal government, the Chicago metro area includes several counties in Illinois, Indiana , and Wisconsin , and has a population of over 9.

Chicago itself is a cosmopolitan city, densely populated, industrialized, the transportation hub of the nation, and settled by a wide variety of ethnic groups. The Quad Cities region, located along the Mississippi River in northern Illinois, had a population of , in The midsection of Illinois is the second major division, called Central Illinois.

It is an area of mainly prairie and known as the Heart of Illinois. It is characterized by small towns and medium-small cities. The western section west of the Illinois River was originally part of the Military Tract of and forms the conspicuous western bulge of the state. Agriculture, particularly corn and soybeans , as well as educational institutions and manufacturing centers, figure prominently in Central Illinois.

The third division is Southern Illinois , comprising the area south of U. Southern Illinois is the site of the ancient city of Cahokia , as well as the site of the first state capital at Kaskaskia , which today is separated from the rest of the state by the Mississippi River.

The Illinois suburbs of St. Louis , such as East St. Louis , are located in this region, and collectively, they are known as the Metro-East. The other somewhat significant concentration of population in Southern Illinois is the Carbondale-Marion-Herrin, Illinois Combined Statistical Area centered on Carbondale and Marion , a two-county area that is home to , residents.

Seven Illinois counties are in the area. In addition to these three, largely latitudinally defined divisions, all of the region outside the Chicago Metropolitan area is often called " downstate " Illinois. This term is flexible, but is generally meant to mean everything outside the influence of the Chicago area. Thus, some cities in Northern Illinois, such as DeKalb , which is west of Chicago, and Rockford —which is actually north of Chicago—are sometimes incorrectly considered to be 'downstate'.

Illinois has a climate that varies widely throughout the year. Because of its nearly mile distance between its northernmost and southernmost extremes, as well as its mid-continental situation, most of Illinois has a humid continental climate Köppen climate classification Dfa , with hot, humid summers and cold winters.

The southern part of the state, from about Carbondale southward, has a humid subtropical climate Koppen Cfa , with more moderate winters.

Illinois averages approximately 51 days of thunderstorm activity a year, which ranks somewhat above average in the number of thunderstorm days for the United States. The Tri-State Tornado of killed people in three states; of the victims died in Illinois. Louis — East St. Louis tornado , which killed people in East St.

Louis and a May tornado that killed people in Charleston and Mattoon. Modern developments in storm forecasting and tracking have caused death tolls from tornadoes to decline dramatically, with the Belvidere — Oak Lawn — Chicago South Side tornado outbreak 58 fatalities and Plainfield tornado 29 fatalities standing out as exceptions.

There were three fatalities. Racial Makeup of Illinois [64]. Racial Makeup of Hispanics in Illinois [65]. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Illinois was 12,, in , moving from the fifth-largest state to the sixth-largest state losing out to Pennsylvania. Illinois's population declined by 60, people from July to July , making it the worst decline of any state in the U.

According to the Census , the racial composition of the state was:. In the same year The state's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic white, has declined from Children born to white Hispanics are counted as minority group. At the estimates from the U. Census Bureau , there were 1,, foreign-born inhabitants of the state or Of the foreign-born population, Females made up approximately According to the estimates, Chicago, along the shores of Lake Michigan, is the nation's third largest city.

The remaining population lives in the smaller cities and rural areas that dot the state's plains. Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Chicago is the largest city in the state and the third-most populous city in the United States, with its population of 2,, Census Bureau currently lists seven other cities with populations of over , within Illinois. Based upon the Census Bureau's official population: Rockford, at ,, is the third-largest city in the state, and is the largest city in the state not located within the Chicago suburbs.

Joliet , located in metropolitan Chicago, is the fourth-largest city in the state, with a population of , Naperville , a suburb of Chicago, is fifth with , Naperville and Aurora share a boundary along Illinois Route Springfield , the state's capital, comes in as sixth-most populous with , residents. Peoria , which decades ago was the second-most populous city in the state, is seventh with , The eighth-largest and final city in the , club is Elgin , a northwest suburb of Chicago, with a population of , The most populated city in the state south of Springfield is Belleville , with 44, people at the census.

It is located in the Illinois portion of Greater St. Louis often called the Metro-East area , which has a rapidly growing population of over , people. Other major urban areas include the Champaign-Urbana Metropolitan Area , which has a combined population of almost , people, the Illinois portion of the Quad Cities area with about , people, and the Bloomington-Normal area with a combined population of over , The official language of Illinois is English , [81] although between and , state law gave official status to "the American language".

In Catholics in Illinois numbered 3,, The largest Protestant denominations were the United Methodist Church with ,, and the Southern Baptist Convention , with , members. Illinois played an important role in the early Latter Day Saint movement , with Nauvoo, Illinois , becoming a gathering place for Mormons in the early s. Nauvoo was the location of the succession crisis , which led to the separation of the Mormon movement into several Latter Day Saint sects.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , the largest of the sects to emerge from the Mormon schism, has over 55, adherents in Illinois today.

A significant number of adherents of other Abrahamic faiths can be found in Illinois. The Chicago area has a very large Jewish community, particularly in the suburbs of Skokie and Morton Grove. Chicago is also home to a very large population of Hindus , Sikhs , Jains , and Buddhists.

Illinois's state income tax is calculated by multiplying net income by a flat rate. The property tax is a local—not state—tax, imposed by local government taxing districts, which include counties, townships , municipalities, school districts , and special taxation districts.

The property tax in Illinois is imposed only on real property. Illinois's major agricultural outputs are corn , soybeans , hogs , cattle , dairy products , and wheat. In most years, Illinois is either the first or second state for the highest production of soybeans, with a harvest of The German immigrants from agricultural backgrounds who settled in Illinois in the mid- to late 19th century are in part responsible for the profusion of fruit orchards in that area of Illinois.

As of [update] , Illinois is ranked as the 4th-most productive manufacturing state in the country, behind California, Texas, and Ohio.

By the early s, Illinois's economy had moved toward a dependence on high-value-added services, such as financial trading, higher education, law, logistics, and medicine. In some cases, these services clustered around institutions that hearkened back to Illinois's earlier economies.

For example, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange , a trading exchange for global derivatives , had begun its life as an agricultural futures market. Other important non-manufacturing industries include publishing, tourism, and energy production and distribution.

Illinois is a net importer of fuels for energy, despite large coal resources and some minor oil production. Illinois exports electricity, ranking fifth among states in electricity production and seventh in electricity consumption.

The coal industry of Illinois has its origins in the middle 19th century, when entrepreneurs such as Jacob Loose discovered coal in locations such as Sangamon County. In , Illinois produced Most of the coal produced in Illinois is exported to other states and countries.

In , Illinois exported 3 million tons of coal, and was projected to export 9 million tons in , as demand for energy grows in places such as China, India, and elsewhere in Asia and Europe. Mattoon was recently chosen as the site for the Department of Energy 's FutureGen project, a megawatt experimental zero emission coal-burning power plant that the DOE just gave a second round of funding.

In , after a number of setbacks, the city of Mattoon backed out of the project. Nuclear power arguably began in Illinois with the Chicago Pile-1 , the world's first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in the world's first nuclear reactor , built on the University of Chicago campus.

There are six operating nuclear power plants in Illinois: Three reactors have been permanently shut down and are in various stages of decommissioning: Dresden-1 and Zion-1 and 2. Illinois ranked first in the nation in in both nuclear capacity and nuclear generation.

Generation from its nuclear power plants accounted for 12 percent of the nation's total. Illinois has seen growing interest in the use of wind power for electrical generation. Department of Energy , with some western sections rated "good" and parts of the south rated "poor". As a result, more areas of Illinois have become prospective wind farm sites. As of September , Illinois had As of , wind energy represented only 1. Illinois is ranked second in corn production among U.

Illinois has numerous museums; the greatest concentration of these are in Chicago. Several museums in Chicago are ranked as some of the best in the world. These include the John G. The modern Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield is the largest and most attended presidential library in the country. The Illinois State Museum boasts a collection of The Chicago metropolitan area also hosts two zoos: The Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago.

Magnolia Manor is a Victorian period historic house museum in Cairo. On 29 August , a terrorist attack was made on the synagogue in the Seitenstettengasse using hand grenades and firearms. Two people died and another 21 were injured in the attack. The attack is attributed to the Palestinian extremist Abu Nidal Organisation.

Since then, strict security has been in place at the entrance to the synagogue, while the Seitenstettengasse is guarded by the police. It contains meeting minutes, decrees, protocols, reports, letters, emigration and finance documents, lists of deportees, indexes, books, photographs, plans and posters which bear witness to the history of the IKG and its members.

The oldest documents date from the 16th century. The archive has been in existence since ; it was increasingly professional from the middle of the 19th century. The indexes and files that were produced between and were the basis for Nazi management of Jewish emigration and deportation.