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After the incident at Freetown Christiania , where the police destroyed all the stalls, and cleared them of cannabis, the Danish Social Liberal Party have chanced stance on this issue. They now want a 3-year trial, where you can buy state regulated cannabis across the country. Red-Green Alliance wants to legalize cannabis sold and produced by the state. The money, the state makes off the sale, shall be used on information, treatment for the addicts and welfare benefits, instead of giving the money to the criminals" - Rune Lund.
The Hampepartiet was formed in As of , there have been ongoing attempts for the establishment of the Cannabis Party of Greece, but they haven't resulted in the creation of a registered political party yet. In Israel , the Ale Yarok Green Leaf party participated in the past six elections and came close to winning a Knesset seat. In Ireland , there were attempts to establish a Cannabis legalisation Party however the government have so far refused to allow any such parties to be registered.
A number of individuals including journalist Olaf Tyaransen and Phoenix Park festival organiser Ubi Dwyer have stood in various elections national, Local and European as independent candidates on a legalise cannabis platform. The party had candidates in the general election.
The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand has said that if it forms a government in the election it will legalise cannabis. The party would also 'urgently amend the law so sick people using medicinal marijuana were not penalised'.
In Spain , the Partido Cannabis participated in the Spanish general election, , by standing candidates for seats in the Cortes in three provinces, Valencia , Alicante and Valladolid.
They scored between 0. The nationally registered political party Iqela Lentsango: Also deserving of mention is Dr. A Member of Parliament in South Africa, he was diagnosed with cancer and subsequently began lobbying for the legalization of Medical Marijuana. He went so far as to address the entire Parliament sitting in Cape Town with an impassioned plea for the Members of Parliament to consider the legalization of Medical Marijuana.
He died shortly after this but thanks to him and other activists, South Africa seems to be heading in the direction of eventually legalizing Cannabis for medical use. In the United Kingdom , the Legalise Cannabis Alliance LCA , registered as a political party from to , with Alun Buffry as its leader-for-the-purpose-of-registration-only, fielding candidates in elections to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and to local government councils.
The LCA de-registered itself as a political party, and continues to work as a pressure group. The party drew inspiration from the performances of Howard Marks and Buster Nolan as independent legalise cannabis candidates in the general election.
Howard Marks stood in four different constituencies of the House of Commons. The LCC, Legalise Cannabis Campaign, founded in the late 60s acted as a pressure group throughout the s and 80s and provided a seedbed of support for these later political manifestations. By the time of the general election the party had experience of campaigns in two House of Commons by-elections and various local government elections.
In the general election the party contested 13 constituencies and their share of the vote ranged from 1. In January , cannabis prohibition in the UK was relaxed. Cannabis had been a class B substance under the Misuse of Drugs Act It became a class C substance, and many people saw this change as virtual 'decriminalisation'.
It was a long way short of full legalisation. It has recently returned to a class B substance. The LCA contested 21 constituencies in the general election. Their share of the vote ranged from 0. Upon this identity change there was also a change of policy, spokespersons, logo, emblems, fliers and aims. CLEAR was a registered political party from — The organisation now works as a lobby group. In the General Election they campaigned for a Royal Commission to review the UK's drug laws relating to cannabis.
CISTA is for harm reduction. Both the Libertarian Party and the Green Party advocate for the legalization of marijuana.
Other cannabis political parties that were active in the past have included the Anti-prohibition Party , the Marijuana Reform Party , and the Youth International Party. The Youth International Party , formed in to advance the counterculture of the s , often ran candidates for public office. The Yippie flag is a five-pointed star superimposed with a cannabis leaf.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Legal issues of cannabis. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Retrieved 7 June J; Australian Marijuana Party , A dozen dopey yarns: Author - Paul Karp. Published 16 April The Sydney Morning Herald. Author - Eryk Bagshaw. Authors - Matthew Doran and Lucy Barbour. Published 17 April Green Party offers green light to pot smokers. Last updated 9 December Retrieved 13 December Archived from the original on Retrieved 8 January Liberal Democrats official website.
Published 12 March Retrieved 22 May UK drugs legislation 'is failing us all ' ". According to Privacy International , as of [update] , possession of identity cards was compulsory in about countries, though what constitutes "compulsory" varies. In some countries see below , it is compulsory to have an identity card when a person reaches a prescribed age.
The penalty for non-possession is usually a fine, but in some cases it may result in detention until identity is established. For people suspected with crimes such as shoplifting or no bus ticket, non-possession might result in such detention, also in countries not formally requiring identity cards. In practice, random checks are rare, except in certain times. A number of countries do not have national identity cards. Other identity documents such as passports or driver's licenses are then used as identity documents when needed.
However, governments of Kiribati, Norway, Samoa and Uzbekistan are planning to introduce new national identity cards in the near future   . Some of these, e. Denmark, have more simple official identity cards, which do not match the security and level of acceptance of a national identity card, used by people without driver's licenses. A number of countries have voluntary identity card schemes.
These include Austria , Belize , Finland , France see France section , Hungary however, all citizens of Hungary must have at least one of: The United Kingdom 's scheme was scrapped in January and the database was destroyed.
In the United States , the Federal government issues optional identity cards known as "Passport Cards" which include important information such as the nationality.
On the other hand, states issue optional identity cards for people who do not hold a driver's license as an alternate means of identification. These cards are issued by the same organization responsible for driver's licenses, usually called the Department of Motor Vehicles. Note, this is not an obligatory identification card for citizens.
For the Sahrawi people of Western Sahara , pre Spanish identity cards are the main proof that they were Saharawi citizens as opposed to recent Moroccan colonists. They would thus be allowed to vote in an eventual self-determination referendum. Companies and government departments may issue ID cards for security purposes or proof of a qualification. For example, all taxicab drivers in the UK carry ID cards.
Those working on UK railway lands near working lines must carry a photographic ID card to indicate training in track safety PTS and other cards possession of which is dependent on periodic and random alcohol and drug screening. In Queensland and Western Australia , anyone working with children has to take a background check and get issued a Blue Card or Working with Children Card, respectively. Liberia has begun the issuance process of its national biometric identification card, which citizens and foreign residents will use to open bank accounts, and participate in other Govt.
Services on daily basis. Please visit this site for more information http: It is compulsory for all Egyptian citizens age 16 or older to possess ID card Arabic: It is used for: Egyptian ID cards consist of 14 digits, the national identity number, and expire after 7 years from the date of issue. Some feel that Egyptian ID cards are problematic, due to the general poor quality of card holders' photographs and the compulsory requirements for ID card holders to identify their religion and for married women to include their husband's name on their cards.
Every citizen of Tunisia is expected to apply for an ID card by the age of 18; however, with the approval of a parent s , a Tunisian citizen may apply for, and receive, an ID card prior to their eighteenth birthday upon parental request.
In , The government has introduced a new bill to the parliament to issue new biometric ID documents. The bill has created controversy amid civil society organizations.
In July , a new biometric Identity card was introduced. The biometric National Identity card is one of the acceptable documents required to apply for a Gambian Driving Licence. Mauritius requires all citizens who have reached the age of 18 to apply for a National Identity Card. The National Identity Card is one of the few accepted forms of identification, along with passports. A National Identity Card is needed to apply for a passport for all adults, and all minors must take with them the National Identity Card of a parent s when applying for a passport.
Nigeria first introduced a National Identity Card in , but its adoption back then was limited and not widespread. The country is now in the process of introducing a new biometric ID Card complete with a SmartCard and other security features.
The Federal Government of Nigeria announced in April  that after the next General Election in , all subsequent elections will require that voters will only be eligible to stand for office or vote provided the Citizen possesses a NIMC-issued Identity Card. The Central Bank of Nigeria is also looking into instructing banks to request for a National Identity Number NIN for any citizen maintaining an account with any of the banks operating in Nigeria.
The proposed kick off date is yet to be determined. South African citizens aged 15 years and 6 months or older are eligible for an ID card. The South African identity document is not valid as a travel document or valid for use outside South Africa. Although carrying the document is not required in daily life, it is necessary to show the document or a certified copy as proof of identity when:. The South African identity document used to also contain driving and firearms licences ; however, these documents are now issued separately in card format.
In mid a smart card ID was launched to replace the ID book. The cards were launched on 18 July when a number of dignitaries received the first cards at a ceremony in Pretoria. Zimbabweans are required to apply for National Registration at the age of Zimbabwean citizens are issued with a plastic card which contains a photograph and their particulars onto it.
Before the introduction of the plastic card, the Zimbabwean ID card used to be printed on anodised aluminium. Along with Driving Licences, the National Registration Card including the old metal type is universally accepted as proof of identity in Zimbabwe. Zimbabweans are required by law to carry identification on them at all times and visitors to Zimbabwe are expected to carry their passport with them at all times. Afghan citizens over the age of 18 are required to carry a national ID document called Tazkira.
Bahraini citizens must have both an ID card, called a "smart card", that is recognized as an official document and can be used within the Gulf Cooperation Council and a passport, that is recognized worldwide. Biometric identification has existed in Bangladesh since All Bangladeshis who are 18 years of age and older are included in a central Biometric Database, which is used by the Bangladesh Election Commission to oversee the electoral procedure in Bangladesh.
All Bangladeshis are issued with an NID Card which can be used to obtain a passport, Driving Licence, credit card, and to register land ownership. The People's Republic of China requires each of its citizens aged 16 and over to carry an identity card.
The card is the only acceptable legal document to obtain employment, a residence permit, driving licence or passport and to open bank accounts or apply for entry to tertiary education and technical colleges. All persons aged 16 and above must carry a valid legal government identification document in public. All persons aged 16 and above must be able to produce valid legal government identification documents when requested by legal authorities, otherwise, they may be held in detention to investigate his or her identity and legal right to be in Hong Kong.
While there is no mandatory identity card in India, the Aadhaar card, a multi-purpose national identity card, carrying 16 personal details and a unique identification number is available to all citizens since The card contains a photograph, full name, date of birth and a unique, randomly generated digit National Identification Number.
However, the card itself is rarely required as proof; the number or a copy of the card being sufficient. These may be issued by either the Government of India or the Government of any state, and are valid throughout the nation. The Indian Passport may also be used. The card will identifies whether the holder is an Indonesian citizen or foreign national. In , the Indonesian government started a two-year ID issuance campaign that utilizes smartcard technology and biometric duplication of fingerprint and iris recognition.
By , it is estimated that approximately million Indonesian nationals will have an e-KTP issued to them. This is a booklet based on the citizen's birth certificate which features their Shenasnameh National ID number; their birth date; their birthplace; the names, birth dates and National ID numbers of their legal ascendant s.
In other pages of the Shenasnameh, their marriage status, spouse s name s , names of children, date of every vote cast and eventually their death would be recorded. Every Iranian permanent resident above the age of 15 must hold a valid National Identity Card Persian: In order to apply for an NID card, the applicant must be at least 15 years old and have a photograph attached to their Birth Certificate , which is undertaken by the Vital Records branch.
Israeli law requires every permanent resident above the age of 16, whether a citizen or not, to carry an identification card called te'udat zehut Hebrew: The card is designed in a bilingual form, printed in Hebrew and Arabic , however, the personal data is presented in Hebrew by default and may be presented in Arabic as well if the owner decides so. The card must be presented to an official on duty e.
Until the mids, the identification card was considered the only legally reliable document for many actions such as voting or opening a bank account. Since then, the new Israeli driver's licenses which include photos and extra personal information are now considered equally reliable for most of these transactions.
In other situations any government-issued photo ID, such as a passport or a military ID, may suffice. The Palestinian Authority Issues Identification card following agreements with Israel since in accordance to the Oslo Accords , the data is forwarded to Israeli database and confirmed.
In February , a presidential decision issued by Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas to abolish the religion field was announced. The decision was criticized by Hamas officials in Gaza Strip , saying it is unconstitutional and will not be implemented in Gaza because it undermines the Palestinian cause. Japanese citizens are not required to have identification documents with them within the territory of Japan.
When necessary, official documents, such as one's Japanese driver's license , basic resident registration card,  radio operator license,  social insurance card, health insurance card or passport are generally used and accepted.
The Macau Resident Identity Card is an official identity document issued by the Identification Department to permanent residents and non-permanent residents. In Malaysia, the MyKad is the compulsory identity document for Malaysian citizens aged 12 and above. Introduced by the National Registration Department of Malaysia on 5 September as one of four MSC Malaysia flagship applications  and a replacement for the High Quality Identity Card Kad Pengenalan Bermutu Tinggi , Malaysia became the first country in the world to use an identification card that incorporates both photo identification and fingerprint biometric data on an in-built computer chip embedded in a piece of plastic.
CNIC serves as an identification document to authenticate an individual's identity as a citizen of Pakistan. New CNIC's are machine readable and have security features such as facial and finger print information. A new Philippines identity card known as the Philippine Identification System PhilSys ID card will start to be issued in August to Filipino citizens and foreign residents aged 18 and above. The card is necessary not only for procedures of state but also in the day-to-day transactions of registering for a mobile phone line, obtaining certain discounts at stores, and logging on to certain websites on the internet.
Schools frequently use it to identify students, both on-line and in exams. It has had several changes in its history, the most recent form is a plastic card meeting the ISO standard.
The card has the holder's photo and a 15 digit ID number calculated from the holder's birthday and birthplace. A hologram technology is applied for the purpose of hampering forgery. This card has no additional features used to identify the holder except comparing the photo and a holder's face.
The E- National Identity Card abbreviation: The Registration of Persons Act No. Sri Lanka is in the process of developing a Smart Card based RFID NIC card which will replace the obsolete 'laminated type' cards by storing the holders information on a chip that can be read by banks, offices, etc. The NIC number is used for unique personal identification, similar to the social security number in the US.
Each NIC has a unique 10 digit number, in the format A where 0 is a digit and A is a letter. The first two digits of the number are your year of birth e. The final letter is generally a 'V' or 'X'. An NIC number is required to apply for a passport over 16 , driving license over 18 and to vote over In addition, all citizens are required to carry their NIC on them at all times as proof of identity, given the security situation in the country. NICs are not issued to non-citizens, who are still required to carry a form of photo identification such as a photocopy of their passport or foreign driving license at all times.
At times the Postal ID card may also be used. The "National Identification Card" Chinese: The Identification Card is used for virtually all activities that require identity verification within Taiwan such as opening bank accounts, renting apartments, employment applications and voting.
The back of the card also contains the person's registered address where official correspondence is sent, place of birth, and the name of legal ascendant s and spouse if any. If residents move, they must re-register at a municipal office Chinese: ROC nationals with household registration in Taiwan are known as "registered nationals".
ROC nationals who do not have household registration in Taiwan known as "unregistered nationals" do not qualify for the Identification Card and its associated privileges e.
The card proves the holder's identity for receiving government services and other entitlements. All individuals are mandated to apply for the ID card at all ages. For individuals of 15 years and above, fingerprint biometrics 10 fingerprints, palm, and writer are captured in the registration process. The Identity Card is a smart card that has a state-of-art technology in the smart cards field with very high security features which make it difficult to duplicate.
It is a KB Combi Smart Card, where the electronic chip includes personal information, 2 fingerprints, 4-digit pin code, digital signature, and certificates digital and encryption.
Personal photo, IDN, name, date of birth, signature, nationality, and the ID card expiry date are fields visible on the physical card. In the UAE it is used as an official identification document for all individuals to benefit from services in the government, some of the non-government, and private entities in the UAE.
The ID card could also be used by citizens as an official travel document between GCC countries instead of using passports. The implementation of the national ID program in the UAE enhanced security of the individuals by protecting their identities and preventing identity theft.
In Vietnam, all citizens above 14 years old must possess a People's Identity Card provided by the local authority. National identity cards issued to citizens of the EEA European Union , Iceland , Liechtenstein , Norway and Switzerland , which states EEA or Swiss citizenship, can not only be used as an identity document within the home country, but also as a travel document to exercise the right of free movement in the EEA and Switzerland.
In this respect, the UK Presidency put forward a proposal for the EU-wide use of biometrics in national identity cards". Since , all newly issued Belgian identity cards have a chip eID card , and roll-out of these cards is expected to be complete in the course of Since , the aforementioned foreigner's card has also been replaced by an eID card, containing a similar chip.
The eID cards can be used both in the public and private sector for identification and for the creation of legally binding electronic signatures.
Until end Belgian consulates issued old style ID cards x 75 mm to Belgian citizens who were permanently residing in their jurisdiction and who chose to be registered at the consulate which is strongly advised.
Since Belgian consulates issue electronic ID cards, the electronic chip on which is not activated however. All persons over the age of 18 must have an Identity Card and carry it at all times. Refusal to carry or produce an Identity Card to a police officer can lead to a fine of kuna or more and detention until the individual's identity can be verified by fingerprints. The design of the Croatian ID card is prepared for future installation of an Electronic identity card chip, which is set for implementation in The acquisition and possession of a Civil Identity Card is compulsory for any eligible person who has reached twelve years of age.
On 29 January , it was announced that all future IDs to be issued will be biometric. It is a valid travel document for the entire European Union. An identity card with a photo is issued to all citizens of the Czech Republic at the age of It is officially recognised by all member states of the European Union for intra EU travel. Travelling outside the EU mostly requires the Czech passport. Denmark is one of few EU countries that currently do not issue national identity cards not counting driving licences and passports issued for other purposes.
Danish citizens are not required by law to carry an identity card. A traditional identity document without photo , the personal identification number certificate Danish: Personnummerbevis is of little use in Danish society, as it has been largely replaced by the much more versatile National Health Insurance Card Danish: Sundhedskortet which contains the same information and more.
The National Health Insurance Card is issued to all citizens age 12 and above. It is commonly referred to as an identity card despite the fact it has no photo of the holder. Both certificates retrieve their information from the Civil Registration System. However, the personnummerbevis is still issued today and has been since September Danish driver's licenses and passports are the only identity cards issued by the government containing both the personal identification number and a photo.
A foreign citizen without driving skills living in Denmark can not get such documents. Foreign driving licenses and passports are accepted with limitations. A foreigner living in Denmark will have a residence permit with their personal identification number and a photo. In Denmark, since , counties have issued a "photo identity card" Danish: Until , the national debit card Dankort contained a photo of the holder and was widely accepted as an identity card.
The Danish banks lobbied successfully to have pictures removed from the national debit cards and so since the Dankort has no longer contained a photo. Hence it is rarely accepted for identification. The Estonian identity card Estonian: An Estonian identity card is officially recognised by all member states of the European Union for intra EU travel.
For travelling outside the EU, Estonian citizens may also require a passport. The card's chip stores a key pair , allowing users to cryptographically sign digital documents based on principles of public key cryptography using DigiDoc.
Under Estonian law, since 15 December the cryptographic signature is legally equivalent to a manual signature. The Estonian identity card is also used for authentication in Estonia's ambitious Internet-based voting programme. In February , Estonia was the first country in the world to institute electronic voting for parliamentary elections.
Over 30 voters participated in the country's first e-election. This, along with the passport, is one of two official identity documents. Driving licenses and KELA social security cards with a photo are also widely used for general identification purposes even though they are not officially recognized as such.
However, KELA has ended the practice of issuing social security cards with the photograph of the bearer, while it has become possible to embed the social security information onto the national ID card. For most purposes when identification is required, only valid documents are ID card, passport or driving license. However, a citizen is not required to carry any of these. Compulsory identity documents were created before, for workers from to , nomads gens du voyage in , and foreigners in during World War I.
Identity cards were valid for 10 years, had to be updated within a year in case of change of residence, and their renewal required paying a fee. Under the Vichy regime , in addition to the face photograph, the family name, first names, date and place of birth, the card included the national identity number managed by the national statistics INSEE , which is also used as the national service registration number, as the Social Security account number for health and retirement benefits, for access to court files and for tax purposes.
The decision to accept other documents, with or without the bearer's photograph, like a Social Security card , a travel card or a bank card , is left to the discretion of the law enforcement officer. The last case allows checks of passers-by ID by the police, especially in neighborhoods with a higher criminality rate which are often the poorest at the condition, according to the Cour de cassation , that the policeman doesn't refer only to "general and abstract conditions" but to "particular circumstances able to characterise a risk of breach of public order and in particular an offence against the safety of persons or property" Cass.
For financial transactions, ID cards and passports are almost always accepted as proof of identity. Due to possible forgery , driver's licenses are sometimes refused. For transactions by cheque involving a larger sum, two different ID documents are frequently requested by merchants.
The current identification cards are now issued free of charge and optional, and are valid for ten years for minors, and fifteen for adults . Another non-compulsory project is being discussed. It is compulsory for all German citizens aged 16 or older to possess either a Personalausweis identity card or a passport but not to carry one.
Police officers and other officials have a right to demand to see one of those documents obligation of identification ; however the law does not state that one is obliged to submit the document at that very moment. But as driver's licences , although sometimes accepted, are not legally accepted forms of identification in Germany, people usually choose to carry their Personalausweis with them.
Beginning in November , German ID cards are issued in the ID-1 format and can also contain an integrated digital signature, if so desired.
The cards have a photograph and a chip with biometric data, including, optionally, fingerprints. The cards issued were originally folded cardboard, similar to the wartime UK Identity cards abolished in There were different colours for British and non-British residents. Gibraltar requires all residents to hold identity cards, which are issued free.
In the cardboard ID card was replaced with a laminated version. However, although valid as a travel document to the UK, they were not accepted by Spain. A new version in an EU compliant format was issued and is valid for use around the EU although as very few are seen there are sometimes problems in its use, even in the UK. ID cards are needed for some financial transactions, but apart from that and to cross the frontier with Spain, they are not in common use.
ID cards are issued by the police on behalf of the Headquarters of the Police previously issued by the Ministry of Public Order, now incorporated in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and display the holder's signature, standardized face photograph, name and surname, legal ascendant s name and surname, date and place of birth, height, municipality, and the issuing police precinct.
There are also two optional fields designed to facilitate emergency medical care: ABO and Rhesus factor blood typing. Since , name fields have been filled in both Greek and Latin characters. According to the Signpost Service of the European Commission [reply to Enquiry ], old type Greek ID cards "are as valid as the new type according to Greek law and thus they constitute valid travel documents that all other EU Member States are obliged to accept". In addition to being equivalent to passports within the European Economic Area , Greek ID cards are the principal means of identification of voters during elections.
Since , the procedure to issue an ID card has been automated and now all citizens over 12 years of age must have an ID card, which is issued within one work day. In Greece, an ID card is a citizen's most important state document [ original research? For instance, it is required to perform banking transactions if the teller personnel is unfamiliar with the apparent account holder, to interact with the Citizen Service Bureaus KEP ,  receive parcels or registered mail etc.
Citizens are also required to produce their ID card at the request of law enforcement personnel. All the above functions can be fulfilled also with a valid Greek passport e. The third type is a plastic card with the photo and the signature of the holder digitally reproduced. These are generally called Personal Identity Card. The plastic card shows the owners full name, maiden name if applicable, birth date and place, mother's maiden name, the cardholder's gender, the ID's validity period and the local state authority which issued the card.
Personal identity numbers have been issued since ; they have the following format in numbers: They are no longer used as a personal identification number, but as a statistical signature. Other valid documents are the passport blue colored or red colored with RFID chip and the driver's license ; an individual is required to have at least one of them on hand all the time.
The Personal Identity Card is mandatory to vote in state elections or open a bank account in the country. ID cards are issued to permanent residents of Hungary; if a foreign citizen, the card has a different color. Most people use driver's licences instead. Identity documents are not mandatory to carry by law unless driving a car , but can be needed for bank services, age verification and other situations.
Ireland does not issue mandatory national identity cards as such. Except for a brief period during the second world war when the Irish Department of External Affairs issued ID Cards to those wishing to travel to the UK,  Ireland has never issued national identity cards as such. Identity documentation is optional for Irish and British citizens. Nevertheless, identification is mandatory to obtain certain services such as air travel, banking, interactions regarding welfare and public services, age verification and additional situations.
Passport booklets, passport cards, driver's licenses, GNIB Registration Certificates  and other forms of identity cards can be used for identification. Ireland has issued optional passport cards since October Ireland issues a "Public Services Card" which are useful when identification is needed for contacts regarding welfare and public services. They have photos but not birth dates and are therefore not accepted by banks. People are generally compelled to carry such a card.
All Italian citizens are entitled to request an identity card which would be issued by the municipality in which they live. The card lasts ten years and is a valid document to leave the country when travelling to another EU country. A classic Italian identity card now in the process of being replaced by a newer template has four pages, containing:.
A field for fingerprints has been present for a long time at the bottom of the third page, but is rarely if ever used. Also, physical features are normally not measured rigorously, but are just verbally asked to the applicant such as height or quickly ascertained by administrative personnel on the spot, with no checks for hair dying or cosmetic lenses.
The classic Italian ID card is made of paper, not plastic, and its lamination with plastic pouches is explicitly forbidden, because it would interfere with the anti-forging heat sensitive pattern on the back of the card see reference. Furthermore, the usage of paper makes the card easy to forge, and foreign countries outside the EU sometimes refuse to accept it as a valid document. These common criticism were considered in the development of the Italian electronic identity card , which is in the more common credit-card format.
All foreigners in Italy are required by law to have an ID with them at all times. Dutch citizens from the age of 14 are required to be able to show a valid identity document upon request by a police officer or similar official.
Furthermore, identity documents are required when opening bank accounts and upon start of work for a new employer. Official identity documents for residents in the Netherlands are:. For the purpose of identification in public but not for other purposes , also a Dutch driving license often may serve as an identity document. In Norway there is no law penalising non possession of an identity document. But there are rules requiring it for services like banking, air travel and voting where personal recognition or other identification methods have not been possible.
The following documents are generally considered valid varying a little, since no law lists them: There is no ID card for anyone except bank ID card normally printed on the reverse of a credit card. To get a bank ID card either a Nordic passport or another passport together with Norwegian residence and work permit is needed.
There is an ongoing plan to introduce a national ID card accrediting Norwegian citizenship, usable for travel within the EU, and for general identification.
The plan started in and has been delayed several times and is now expected in Polish citizens living permanently abroad are entitled, but not required, to have one. All Portuguese citizens are required by law to obtain an Identity Card as they turn 6 years of age. They are not required to carry with them always but are obligated to present them to the lawful authorities if requested.
The old format of the cards yellow laminated paper document featured a portrait of the bearer, their fingerprint, and the name of parent s , among other information. The new Citizen's Card is technologically more advanced than the former Identity Card and has the following characteristics:.
The CI offers proof of the identity, address, sex and other data of the possessor. It has to be renewed every 10 years. It can be used instead of a passport for travel inside the European Union and several other countries outside the EU.
Its validity extends for up to 1 year. It cannot be used in order to travel within the EU, unlike the normal ID card. Other forms of officially accepted identification include the driver's license and the birth certificate. However, these are accepted only in limited circumstances and cannot take the place of the ID Card in most cases. The ID Card is mandatory for dealing with government institutions, banks or currency exchange shops. A valid passport may also be accepted, but usually only for foreigners.
In addition, citizens can be expected to provide the personal identification number CNP in many circumstances; purposes range from simple unique identification and internal book-keeping for example when drawing up the papers for the warranty of purchased goods to being asked for identification by the police.
Presenting the ID Card is preferred but not mandatory when asked by police officers; however, in such cases people are expected to provide a CNP or alternate means of identification which can be checked on the spot via radio if needed.
The information on the ID Card is required to be kept updated by the owner; current address of domicile in particular. Doing otherwise can expose the citizen to certain fines or be denied service by those institutions that require a valid, up to date Card.
In spite of this, it is common for people to let the information lapse or go around with expired ID Cards. The Slovak ID card Slovak: It is issued to citizens of the Slovak Republic who are 15 or older. For travel outside the EU, Slovak citizens may also require a passport , which is a legally accepted form of picture ID as well. Police officers and some [ who? If one fails to comply, law enforcement officers are allowed to insist on personal identification at the police station.
Every Slovenian citizen regardless of age has the right to acquire an Identity Card Slovene: Osebna izkaznica where every citizen of the Republic of Slovenia of 18 years of age or older is obliged by law to acquire one and carry it at all times or any other Identity document with a picture i. With exception of the Faroe Islands and Greenland, though it may be used to travel outside of the EU: The front side displays the name and surname, sex, nationality, date of birth and expiration date of the card, as well as the number of the ID card a black and white photograph and a signature.
Depending on the holders age and sometimes also other factors , the card had a validity of 5 years or 10 years, and 1 year for foreigners living in Slovenia.
In Slovenia the ID cards importance is equaled only by the Slovenian passport , but a due to size a lot more practical. In Spain citizens, resident foreigners and companies have similar but distinct identity numbers, some with prefix letters, all with a check-code .
This number is the same for tax, social security and all legal purposes. Without this number or a foreign equivalent such as a passport number a contract may not be enforceable. In Spain the formal identity number on an ID card is the most important piece of identification. It is used in all public and private transactions. It is required to open a bank account, to sign a contract, to have state insurance and to register at a university and should be shown when being fined by a police officer.
The card also constitutes a valid travel document within the European Union. Non-resident citizens of countries such as the United Kingdom, where passport numbers are not fixed for the holder's life but change with renewal, may experience difficulty with legal transactions after the document is renewed since the old number is no longer verifiable on a valid foreign passport.
However a NIE is issued for life and does not change and can be used for the same purposes. Sweden does not have a legal statute for compulsory identity documents. However ID-cards are regularly used to ascertain a person's identity when completing certain transactions. These include but are not limited to banking and age verification. Also interactions with public authorities often require it, in spite of the fact that there is no law explicitly requiring it, because there are laws requiring authorities to somehow verify people's identity.
Without Swedish identity documents difficulties can occur accessing health care services, receiving prescription medications and getting salaries or grants. From , EU passports have been accepted for these services due to EU legislation with exceptions including banking , but non-EU passports are not accepted.
Identity cards have therefore become an important part of everyday life. There are currently three public authorities that issue ID-cards. The tax office Skatteverket , the Police and the transport board. The tax office cards can only be used within Sweden to validate a persons identity, but they can be obtained both by Swedish citizens and those that currently reside in Sweden. A Swedish personal identity number is required.
It is possible to get one without having any Swedish id-card. In this case a person holding such a card must guarantee the identity, and the person must be a verifiable relative or the boss at the company the person has been working or a few other verifiable people.
The Police can only issue identity documents to Swedish citizens. They issue an internationally recognised id-card according to EU standard usable for intra- European travel, and Swedish passports which are acceptable as identity documents worldwide. The Transport board issues driving licences which are valid as identity documents in Sweden.